Mission 2.2
Present Simple VS Present Continuous
All English tenses fall into either of the two categories: Simple and Сontinuous.
Before we start, let's recall how it works in Russian.
· I normally GO to the station to beg for money but I'M NOT GOING there today because it's my wedding day.
· Я обычно ХОЖУ на вокзал попрошайничать, но НЕ ИДУ туда сегодня, потому что у меня свадьба.

· He FLIES to Cyprus every Saturday but he ISN'T FLYING anywhere this week as they put a freeze on his bank account.
· Он ЛЕТАЕТ на Кипр каждую субботу, но на этой неделе он никуда НЕ ЛЕТИТ, так как его счет заморозили.

· We often RUN marathons but we AREN'T RUNNING today because we got our sneakers stolen.
· Мы часто БЕГАЕМ марафоны, но сегодня мы НЕ БЕЖИМ, потому что у нас украли кроссовки.
1.
Just in case, let's revise what's what in the present forms.
Make sure you don't confuse BE with DO:

Present Simple

Present Continuous

+

I speak.
You speak.
He speaks.

I am speaking.
You are speaking.
He is speaking.

?

Do I speak?
Do you speak?
Does he speak?

Am I speaking?
Are you speaking?
Is he speaking?

I don’t speak.
You don’t speak.
He doesn’t speak.

I’m not speaking.
You aren’t speaking.
He isn’t speaking.

That's a serious offence. Mistaking BE for DO is a grammar fault compromising the sanity of an individual:
Learn this bloody table once and for all.
· AM/IS/ARE is always present in the Present Continuous and stays there no matter what.
· The auxiliary DO/DOES only emerges in questions and negatives and only in the Present Simple.
(Зум по клику)
Present Continuous

1) for any continuous form we need two components: duration + moment.
The Present Continuous is used to indicate that the action is taking place right now:
2.
NB!
To use the Present Continuous, you don't need to have words like now, today, etc in the sentence. They could be merely implied.
· I'm speaking English now. (right now)
· I'm speaking English. – (probably now or today)
· She is reading Shakespeare. – (now, today, this month, etc)
2) ... or precisely today, or this very week, this very month, etc:
· She is reading Shakespeare this week. – Она читает Шекспира на этой неделе. (именно на этой неделе)
· I'm speaking English now. – Я сейчас говорю по-английски. (прямо сейчас)
· She is reading Shakespeare this week. (this very week)
The Present Simple refers to a perpetual or regular action:
3.
We always meet on Sundays.
He sometimes drinks tea.
* Conventional sentences based on auxiliaries like I am a student are also the Present Simple.
(although they resemble the Present Continuous structure-wise)
Or a never-occurring action if the sentence is negative:
I don't smoke.
I never talk to strangers.
So, the Present Simple is an action 'as it is'.
4.
There's a special group of 'stative' verbs.

They do not express a real action and do not imply temporariness, which is why they are not used in the Continuous.

Some examples include:
know;
want;
believe;
doubt;
mean
;
remember;
think;
like;
love;
hate;
prefer;
see;
hear;

taste;
smell;

contain;
consist;

et cetera.


ING
NB!
Some of the examples above may not be purely stative verbs. That depends on the specific meaning.
· I think San Diego is a great place to live. ("= suppose" - stative verb)
· Please be quiet. I'm thinking. ("= am contemplating" - NOT a stative verb)

· I see her. ("can see" - stative verb)
· I'm seeing her tomorrow. ("am meeting" - NOT a stative verb)
5.
HOW TO PRONOUNCE -ING
As you know good and well, we don't sound the G in -ING.
And God forbid you pronounce something like "running" as "runninK".

The NG combination is pronounced as the nasal /ŋ/.
Just point your n at your nose bridge. Runniŋ, driviŋ, readiŋ.

That's how you pronounce SONG, LONG, SINGER etc - with an /ŋ/.
Note that:

You may hear some natives pronounce the G in NG.

The truth is, this protruding G may be an indicator of low style and/or illiteracy - take Forrest Gump, for example.

As a foreign language learner, show some prudence.

6.
Both the Present Simple, and the Present Continuous (like the Russian Present tense) may refer to the future.

Present Simple indicates a timetable:
· The film starts at 7.
Present Continuous indicates one's personal plans:
· He's visiting his grandma tomorrow.
Over to you!
Now test yourself.
Present Simple VS Present Continuous
Start quiz
What ___ you reading?
Think again.
Spot-on!
Oops!
Seriously?
Next
Check
Show result
We ___ not really like them.
= We are not similar to them. Exactly.
You're kidding, right?
We won't tell anyone.
Precisely! And they don't like us.
Next
Check
Show result
She ___ not know any languages.
Well done!
add -S, please
Don't be silly.
"DOESN'T NOT?" Is that what you mean?
Next
Check
Show result
Why ___ everyone smiling? Your fly's undone!
Wrong. Everyone is called everyONE for a reason.
Uh oh. 'Smiling', Karl!
You've screwed up. How does it feel?
Absolutely! Have yourself some cake.
Next
Check
Show result
____ your father know any war songs?
Does 'third person singular' mean anything to you?
Of course not. There's no ING.
Oh yes, he does!
Not really, no.
Next
Check
Show result
They __________ a letter.
There's no E in 'writing'.
Correct!
Yes!
You don't need a double 't'.
Next
Check
Show result
Does he ever _________ in the shower?
Fair enough.
Come on, it's Present Simple. Where does the ING come from?
There's no such form. But looks cool, doesn't it?
No, you've already got an 's' in 'does'.
Next
Check
Show result
Why ______________ at me?
What tense is that supposed to be?
What tense is THAT supposed to be?
Warm, but not quite there yet.
Relax, no one is looking at you.
Next
Check
Show result
What __________________?
Aye, my lord! Aye, my lady!
That's right, you can contract the auxiliary.
Plural.
The form is correct but you don't need another question mark. Harharhar.
Next
Check
Show result
This soup _____________ too much salt.
No, that's a stative verb.
A stative verb.
Congratulations!
Come on, it's not even a verb.
Next
Check
Show result
They _______________ in France.
Quite right, temporarily.
Yes, permanently.
Sure. But they're planning to move somewhere else.
True. They're living in Russia instead.
Next
Check
Show result
Which one(s) is/are wrong?
It's probably wrong to be smelling your feet but grammatically it's fine.
No, this one is fine. A stative verb.
Another stative verb.
You bet! It smells funny, it really does.
Next
Check
Show result
Are you sure you've read the text above?
Do it over ASAP.
Restart
Not so bad.
But not so good either.
Restart
We are proud of you.
But there's still room for improvement.
Restart
Fabulous!
Keep it up, soldier!
Restart
УЧЕНИЯ
There's just a little left.
Here's a package to familiarise yourself with:
FIELD PRACTICE
Same thing for self-check:
FIELD PRACTICE