Mission 2.4
Present Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Continuous
...The Perfect Continuous is an add-on to the regular Perfect form.

1. Down to business: its main function is to express actions that already started and are still going on.


· We've been digging trenches since morning.





2. It is sometimes used for actions that finished just now:





· I've been waiting for 2 hours!
· I've been waiting for 2 hours!
2. It is sometimes used for actions that finished just now:
· We've been digging trenches since morning.
...The Perfect Continuous is an add-on to the regular Perfect.

1. Down to business: its main function is to express actions that already started and are still going on.
1.
How is it formed? Very much like the perfect form:
have + been + Ving
Where does been + Ving come from?
1) Take a regular perfect form...

have + V
2) Replace the past participle (V3) with the Continuous formula:
have + (be+Ving)
3
3
3) Open the brackets:
have + been + Ving
4) Use it in your day-to-day speech:
· What have you been doing for the last 30 minutes?
· James has been teaching at the university since June.
· They have been talking for the last hour.
· The boys have been playing football for 30 minutes.
WITH STATIVE VERBS (those that are not used in the Continuous)
2.
NB!

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· Since I can remember I've always wanted to be a gangster.
· I've known her for ten years.
· I have liked a guy for the past 7 years but we have barely talked.

... it's not used.

If the action started and is still going on, but is expressed by a stative verb (for instance, know или like) - you don't need the-ING form.

Use the regular perfect instead:
There are three verbs: work, live и feel. Do whatever you like with them:
· I've worked for them since 2007. = I have been working for them since 2007.
· They've lived here for 10 years. = They've been living here for 10 years.
· She's felt unwell for a few days. = She's been feeling unwell for a few days.

NB!
As a present form (if the action is still going on), or a past one (if it finished just now):

· We've been digging trenches since morning. – Мы копаем траншеи с утра.
· I've been waiting for 2 hours! – Я прождал два часа!
3.
How do you translate it into Russian?

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Over to you
Now test yourself
Present Perfect Continuous
Start quiz
Skylar is from Missouri. She _________ there all her life.
That's not quite right.
Spot-on!
Definitely not!
Yep!
Next
Check
Show result
My sister _____________ for me when I arrived.
No, the whole thing was in the past.
You must be kidding. Present Perfect is not used for past events.
No, but we won't tell anyone.
Exactly so!
Next
Check
Show result
'How long _______________ English?' 'Six months.'
Nope.
Well done!
No.
Yes, you can use contractions in questions.
Next
Check
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They ______________ at several houses before they found one they could afford to buy.
Yes, that's correct.
No, duration is not important here.
It's about the past.
Present Perfect is not used to refer to past events.
Next
Check
Show result
_________________ learning German. I have classes three times a week.
Right.
Make it sound like something new.
Not really, no.
No, that's wrong.
Next
Check
Show result
How many times _________________ abroad this year?
No, mind the word order as well.
Correct!
No need to indicate duration.
No, 'you' is used with have.
Next
Check
Show result
I _________________ for my mobile all morning but I still don't know where it is.
Wrong, sorry.
Come on, it's Present Perfect. Present Perfect Continuous, please.
There's no such form.
Yes.
Next
Check
Show result
How long _________________ Daisy?
Correct.
True. 'How long ago' = When.
No, that's a stative verb.
Makes no sense.
Next
Check
Show result
'What's wrong?' 'I _________________ my wallet. I can't find it anywhere.'
Yes, sir! Yes, madam!
No. Present Perfect, please.
No.
The form is correct but come on, it wasn't yesterday.
Next
Check
Show result
All the students _________________ their results at the beginning of May.
No need to complicate things.
No need for Present Perfect here.
You need the past tense.
Congratulations!
Next
Check
Show result
'How _________________ have you been studying Spanish?' 'Oh, about three years now.'
Quite right.
It's quite irrelevant.
Surely not.
Why much?
Next
Check
Show result
'What's that smell?' 'I _________________ my nails.'
You need to be more specific.
Fantastic!
We're talking about the present.
We're talking about the present, not the past.
Next
Check
Show result
Are you sure you've read the text above?
Do it over ASAP.
Restart
Not so bad.
But not so good either.
Restart
We are proud of you.
But there's still room for improvement.
Restart
Excellent!
Keep it up, soldier!
Restart
УЧЕНИЯ
'What's your name?' 'David.'
'Are you married?' 'No, I'm not.'
'How old are you?' '25.'
'Are you a student?' 'Yes, I am.'
'Am I late?' 'No, you're on time.'
'Is your mother at home?' 'No, she's out.'
'Are your parents at home?' 'No, they're out.'
'Is it cold in your room?' 'Yes, a little.'
Your shoes are nice. Are they new?
Is she at home? / Is your mother at home?
Are they new? / Are your shoes new?
There's just a little left.
Here's a package for you to deliver:
FIELD PRACTICE
Self-check:
В этот раз никакой готовой формы для отчета не будет.
Проявите солдатскую смекалку и составьте:

10 предложений, содержащих Present Perfect Continuous.
Условия:

1. Среди них должны быть вопросы, отрицания и утверждения.
2. Вопросы должны быть разнообразными - общими и специальными, как минимум.
3. Present Perfect Continuous должен проявляться в разных аспектах - и как ещё длящееся действие, и как закончившееся с минуты на минуту.

За работу. У вас есть сутки и время пошло.