Mission 2.14
Prepositions
WHY DO WE EVEN NEED THIS TOPIC?

English prepositions can coincide with the corresponding Russian ones:

Or not coincide in the most meaningless way:
1.
spend money on — тратить деньги на
save from — спасти от
wait for — ждать
depend on — зависеть от
consist of — состоять из
We can't cover everything in one mission, but we can point out some typically tricky things for a Russian speaker. Let's get a move on.
2.
OUT OF (RESPECT) – ИЗ (УВАЖЕНИЯ)
Exactly: OUT OF could mean ИЗ not only literally (OUT OF THE BOX - ИЗ КОРОБКИ), but also to indicate the attitude that caused the action.

Don't blame me. I did it out of love.
She only agreed to see him out of curiosity.
More examples:
OUT OF MERCY
OUT OF SENTIMENT
OUT OF HATRED
OUT OF ANGER
OUT OF FEAR
OUT OF JEALOUSY
NICE OF YOU — МИЛО С ВАШЕЙ СТОРОНЫ
3.
It was practical of you to take an extra blanket. – "С твоей стороны было практично взять запасное одеяло".
It was very kind of you to invite us. – "С вашей стороны было добрым пригласить нас".
This structure could involve practically any adjective followed by an infinitive.

A literal Russian translation of those usually sounds awkward.
• STUPID OF YOU
• MEAN OF YOU

• STRANGE OF YOU
• THOUGHTFUL OF YOU

• SMART OF YOU
WISE OF YOU
Other examples:
It's typical of her to be late. - Для нее типично опаздывать.
It's characteristic of France. - Это характерно для Франции.
The same structure is used to express typical or characteristic features of something or someone. In Russian, we tend to use ДЛЯ for that:
BY/ON/IN for means of transport

The basics:
4.
BY BIKE/CAR/BUS/TRAIN/PLANE, ETC

and ON FOOT, of course

Now, here's the thing: if you add an article or a possessive/demonstrative pronoun (THIS/MY ETC), or something else to it, you will have to replace BY with ON or IN.

Cars and taxis: IN

BY CAR - IN THIS CAR / IN A BIG CAR
BY TAXI - IN THE TAXI / IN A CHEAP TAXI
Other transport: ON

BY BUS - ON THIS BUS / ON A BIG BUS
BY TRAIN - ON THE MORNING TRAIN / ON A FAST TRAIN
BY PLANE - ON THE PLANE / ON AN OLD PLANE
Btw, in this case, ON can be used even when we use B in Russian:

Seem to have I left my umbrella on the bus. – Кажется, я забыл зонтик в автобусе.
Now, the most interesting bit.

5.
IN/AT a concertНА концерте
• IN/AT a conference – НА конференции
IN/AT a meeting – НА встрече, НА собрании
IN/AT a seminar – НА семинаре
IN/AT a lecture – НА лекции
IN class – НА занятии
IN your/my, etc job – НА работе
IN quarantine – НА карантине
IN my first/second, etc year – НА первом/втором и т.п. курсе
IN English – НА английском языке (или любом другом языке)

IN a picture/photo – НА картине/фотографии
IN orbit – НА орбите
IN place – НА месте
IN public – НА публике, НА людях
IN the north/south/east/west – НА севере/юге/востоке/западе
IN the sun – НА солнце (кстати, IN the rain – под дождем)
IN heaven – НА небесах
IN the streets – НА улицах
IN the tree – НА дереве
IN the/my way – НА пути, под ногами (о препятствии)
IN touch – НА связи
IN half/IN two – НА две части
IN the first/second etc gear – НА первой/второй и т.п. передаче (в машине)
IN = НА
ON the internet / ON the web
ON Google
ON Vk
ON Youtube
ON the chat
ON Skype
ON = В

Anything that's ONline is used with ON:
ON an expedition – В экспедиции
ON a journey – В дороге, В пути
ON a trip – В поездке
ON a voyage – В морском путешествии
ON the move – В движении, В разъездах
ON the/my way – по дороге, В пути
ON tour – В туре, В турне
В путешествии – ON as well:
ON fire – В огне
ON sale – В продаже
ON time – вовремя, В назначенное время

ON a ward – В (больничной) палате
ON a big/an industrial scale – В больших/промышленных масштабах

ON account – В рассрочку
ON credit – В кредит

ON holiday – В отпуске
ON vacation – В отпуске (AmE)
ON leave – В отпуске/В увольнении (для военных)

ON the list – В списке
ON the menu – В меню

ON the air – В эфире
ON the news – В новостях (по радио или по телевизору)

ON the whole – В общем и целом
ON average – В среднем
And others:
IN the suburbs / ON the outskirts – В пригороде, НА окраине, НА задворках
And two expressions close in meaning but with different prepositions:
УЧЕНИЯ
'What's your name?' 'David.'
'Are you married?' 'No, I'm not.'
'How old are you?' '25.'
'Are you a student?' 'Yes, I am.'
'Am I late?' 'No, you're on time.'
'Is your mother at home?' 'No, she's out.'
'Are your parents at home?' 'No, they're out.'
'Is it cold in your room?' 'Yes, a little.'
Your shoes are nice. Are they new?
Is she at home? / Is your mother at home?
Are they new? / Are your shoes new?
There's just a bit left.
The task to do:
Go ahead.
FIELD PRACTICE